Foundations of ESS

Study and revision resources

Environmental Value Systems

These are worldview or paradigms that shape the way an individual or group of people perceive and evaluate environmental issues.

There are many factors that will affect a persons environmental values. Parental influences, educational experiences, news and media, the society that they live in

Video 1.
Fig 3.7: WTO 2017 Report
Fig 3.7: OECD Aims
Fig 3.15: Systems and Models slideshow
Fig 3.14: Feedback Loops
Fig 3.7: OECD Aims
Fig 3.6: Tragedy of the commons

Ecological Footprint and Earth Overshoot

Fig 3.7: Earth Overshoot Historical
Fig 3.7: Earth Overshoot Day per Country
Fig 3.6: Ecological Footprint

Ecological Footprints


Use the 3 web link to answer the following questions:

  1. What is the Earth overshoot day (use this link)
  2. Study figure 1: Describe the pattern shown in the graph below (use data). [3 marks]
  3. Suggest 3 reasons for the pattern shown. [3 marks]
  4. Why should we be concerned about the pattern (link your answer to sustainability) [3 marks]
  5. Study figure 2 Explain why some countries have much earlier dates than others. (include population levels, development, natural resources, biomes) [8 marks]
  6. Use this link to calculate your own Ecological Footprint. Screenshot the result and insert in your doc. [2 marks]
  7. How could you reduce your ecological footprint - suggest 2 main ways. [2 marks]
Fig 5.12: Introduction to pollution
pollution management stages diagram
Fig 5.13: Pollution management strategies

Pollution Managment


  1. Explain why stage 1 is the best option for dealing with polluting activities?
  2. What are the limitations of altering human activity?
  3. How would an ecocentrist approach pollution management?
  4. How would a technocentrist approach pollution management?
Fig 1.54: Plastic Bag tax

Single use plastic bag charge


  1. Use this Guardian article to describe how successful the charge has been in the UK (absolute numbers of bags and the %).
  2. What limitations are there with this approach to managing pollution?
  3. Cigarettes cause a lot environmental pollution - why do so many people still throw them on the ground or the beach?.
  4. Why is it hard to change people's behaviours?
Fig 1.56: Volkswagen Diesel Pollution

Volkswagen Cheats emissions tests


  1. Use this CarandDriver article and video 1.54 to answer the following:
  2. What have Volkswagen done? How is it causing pollution?
  3. Read the What’s going to happen to Volkswagen? section (near the bottom of the article)
  4. What is the punishment being handed to VW?
  5. What stage of the pollution management diagram does this fit in?
Fig 1.58: BBC; Great American Oil Spill

BP Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill


  1. Describe the pollution event that occurred.
  2. How has the pollution event been managed?
  3. Have BP been held accountable/punished? How?
  4. Which stage of the pollution management diagram does this fit into?
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